About the Authors

Kathrin Arndts

Contributed equally to this work with: Kathrin Arndts, Susanne Deininger

Affiliation Institute of Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, University Hospital Bonn, Bonn, Germany

Susanne Deininger

Contributed equally to this work with: Kathrin Arndts, Susanne Deininger

Affiliation Institute of Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, University Hospital Bonn, Bonn, Germany

Sabine Specht

Affiliation Institute of Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, University Hospital Bonn, Bonn, Germany

Ute Klarmann

Affiliations Institute of Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, University Hospital Bonn, Bonn, Germany, Institute of Medical Biometry, Informatics and Epidemiology, University Hospital Bonn, Bonn, Germany

Sabine Mand

Affiliation Institute of Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, University Hospital Bonn, Bonn, Germany

Tomabu Adjobimey

Affiliation Institute of Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, University Hospital Bonn, Bonn, Germany

Alexander Y. Debrah

Affiliations Kumasi Centre for Collaborative Research in Tropical Medicine, Kumasi, Ghana, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Department of Theoretical and Applied Biology, and School of Medical Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana

Linda Batsa

Affiliation Kumasi Centre for Collaborative Research in Tropical Medicine, Kumasi, Ghana

Alexander Kwarteng

Affiliation Kumasi Centre for Collaborative Research in Tropical Medicine, Kumasi, Ghana

Christian Epp

Affiliation Department für Infektiologie, Parasitologie, Universitätsklinikum Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany

Mark Taylor

Affiliation Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Ohene Adjei

Affiliations Kumasi Centre for Collaborative Research in Tropical Medicine, Kumasi, Ghana, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Department of Theoretical and Applied Biology, and School of Medical Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana

Laura E. Layland

laura.layland@microbiology-bonn.de

These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Institute of Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, University Hospital Bonn, Bonn, Germany

Achim Hoerauf

These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Institute of Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, University Hospital Bonn, Bonn, Germany

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SS LEL MT OA AH. Performed the experiments: KA SD SM TA AYD LB AK. Analyzed the data: KA SD UK LEL AH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: CE UK. Wrote the paper: KA SD LEL AH.