About the Authors

Colin M. Fitzsimmons

cmf1000@cam.ac.uk

Affiliation Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Frances M. Jones

Affiliation Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Alex Stearn

Affiliation Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Iain W. Chalmers

Affiliation Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences, Aberystwyth University, Aberystwyth, United Kingdom

Karl F. Hoffmann

Affiliation Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences, Aberystwyth University, Aberystwyth, United Kingdom

Jakub Wawrzyniak

Affiliation Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Shona Wilson

Affiliation Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Narcis B. Kabatereine

Affiliation Vector Control Division, Ugandan Ministry of Health, Kampala, Uganda

David W. Dunne

Affiliation Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CMF FMJ NBK DWD. Performed the experiments: CMF FMJ AS JW SW. Analyzed the data: CMF FMJ AS JW. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: IWC KFH. Wrote the paper: CMF IWC KFH DWD.