About the Authors

Florencia del Puerto, Mihoko Kikuchi, Kenji Hirayama
Department of Immunogenetics, Institute of Tropical Medicine (NEKKEN), and Global COE Program, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan

Juan Eiki Nishizawa
Clinica Siraní, Santa Cruz, Bolivia

Mihoko Kikuchi
Center for International Collaboration Research (CICORN), Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan

Yelin Roca, Cinthia Avilas, Alberto Gianella, Javier Lora
Centro Nacional de Enfermedades Tropicales, Santa Cruz, Bolivia

Freddy Udalrico Gutierrez Velarde
Hospital Universitario Japonés, Santa Cruz, Bolivia

Sachio Miura
Department of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan

Norihiro Komiya, Koji Maemura
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Science, Nagasaki, Japan

Corresponding Author

hiraken@nagasaki-u.ac.jp

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JEN FUGV SM KH. Performed the experiments: FdP JEN MK YR CA AG JL FUGV. Analyzed the data: MK YR NK KM KH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JEN YR FUGV KH. Wrote the paper: FdP JEN MK FUGV KM KH. Diagnostic of Chagas: JEN YR CA AG JL FUGV SM NK KM. Genetic analysis: FdP MK KH.