About the Authors

Timothy P. Yoshino

yoshinot@svm.vetmed.wisc.edu

Affiliation Department of Pathobiological Sciences, University of Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

Xiao-Jun Wu

Affiliation Department of Pathobiological Sciences, University of Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

Hongdi Liu

Affiliation Department of Pathobiological Sciences, University of Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

Laura A. Gonzalez

Affiliation Department of Pathobiological Sciences, University of Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

André M. Deelder

Affiliation Department of Parasitology, Center for Infectious Diseases, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands

Cornelis H. Hokke

Affiliation Department of Parasitology, Center for Infectious Diseases, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: TPY X-JW CHH. Performed the experiments: X-JW HL LAG. Analyzed the data: TPY X-JW AMD CHH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AMD CHH. Wrote the paper: TPY. Reviewed/revised manuscript: LAG X-JW CHH AMD. Prepared figures: X-JW LAG. Financial support: TPY.