About the Authors

Olufunmilola Ibironke

Contributed equally to this work with: Olufunmilola Ibironke, Artemis Koukounari

Affiliation Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Artemis Koukounari

Contributed equally to this work with: Olufunmilola Ibironke, Artemis Koukounari

Affiliation MRC Centre of Outbreak Analysis and Modeling, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, St. Mary's Campus, London, United Kingdom

Samuel Asaolu

Affiliation Department of Zoology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria

Irini Moustaki

Affiliation Department of Statistics, London School of Economics, London, United Kingdom

Clive Shiff

cshiff@jhsph.edu

Affiliation Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CS OI SA. Performed the experiments: OI CS. Analyzed the data: AK IM OI. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AK. Wrote the paper: AK OI CS. Latent Class modelling: AK IM.