About the Authors

Shridhar Bale

Affiliation Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Tong Liu

Affiliation Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Sheng Li

Affiliation Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Yuhao Wang

Affiliation Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Dafna Abelson

Affiliation Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Marnie Fusco

Affiliation Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Virgil L. Woods Jr.

vwoods@ucsd.edu (VLW); erica@scripps.edu (EOS)

Affiliation Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Erica Ollmann Saphire

vwoods@ucsd.edu (VLW); erica@scripps.edu (EOS)

Affiliations Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America, The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SB TL SL DA MF. Performed the experiments: SB TL SL DA MF. Analyzed the data: SB TL SL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SB TL SL YW DA MF. Wrote the paper: SB TL VLW EOS.