About the Authors

Gabriel Rinaldi

Affiliations Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Tropical Medicine, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, The George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, DC, United States of America, Departamento de Genética, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, (UDELAR), Montevideo, Uruguay

Tunika I. Okatcha

Affiliations Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Tropical Medicine, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, The George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, DC, United States of America, Department of Tropical Medicine, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

Anastas Popratiloff

Affiliation Center for Microscopy and Image Analysis, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, United States of America

Mary A. Ayuk

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Tropical Medicine, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, The George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, DC, United States of America

Sutas Suttiprapa

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Tropical Medicine, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, The George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, DC, United States of America

Victoria H. Mann

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Tropical Medicine, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, The George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, DC, United States of America

Yung-san Liang

Affiliation Biomedical Research Institute, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

Fred A. Lewis

Affiliation Biomedical Research Institute, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

Alex Loukas

Affiliation Queensland Tropical Health Alliance, James Cook University, Cairns, Queensland, Australia

Paul J. Brindley

paul.brindley@gwumc.edu

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Tropical Medicine, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, The George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, DC, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: GR SS AP VHM AL PJB. Performed the experiments: GR TIO AP MAA SS. Analyzed the data: GR AP SS VHM AL PJB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: GR AP SS AL VHM Y-sL FAL PJB. Wrote the paper: GR AP FAL AL PJB. Confocal microscopy and imaging: AP SS GR.