About the Authors

Hoang Quoc Cuong

Affiliations Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Unit, Hanoi, Vietnam, Pasteur Institute, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Nguyen Tran Hien

Affiliation National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam

Tran Nhu Duong

Affiliation National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam

Tran Vu Phong

Affiliation National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam

Nguyen Nhat Cam

Affiliation Preventive Medicine Center, Hanoi, Vietnam

Jeremy Farrar

Affiliations Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Unit, Hanoi, Vietnam, Centre for Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Vu Sinh Nam

Affiliation National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam

Khoa T. D. Thai

Affiliations Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Unit, Hanoi, Vietnam, Division of Infectious Diseases, Tropical Medicine and AIDS, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Center for Infection and Immunity, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Peter Horby

peter.horby@gmail.com

Affiliations Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Unit, Hanoi, Vietnam, Centre for Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: PH NTH HQC TVP TND NNC JF VSN. Performed the experiments: HQC PH TVP NNC. Analyzed the data: HQC PH KTDT. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: NNC TVP. Wrote the paper: PH HQC KTDT.