About the Authors

Dieudonne Mumba
Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Elaine Bohorquez, Steven M. Taylor, Melchior M. Kashamuka, Steven R. Meshnick
Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Gillings School of Global Public Health, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Jane Messina, Michael Emch
Department of Geography, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Victor Kande
Programme National de Lutte contre la Trypanosomiase Humaine Africaine, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Antoinette K. Tshefu
Kinshasa School of Public Health, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Jeremie Muwonga
Programme National de Lutte contre la SIDA, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Richard Tidwell
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Philippe Büscher
Department of Parasitology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

Corresponding Author

meshnick@unc.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SRM ME PB JM VK AKT MMK. Performed the experiments: DM EB PB JM MMK. Analyzed the data: JM SMT ME SRM PB AKT SRM RT. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: RT PB. Wrote the paper: SRM PB ME SMT DM JM.