About the Authors

Kathryn E. Holt, Minh Duy Phan, A. Keith Turner, Julian Parkhill, Gordon Dougan
Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Kathryn E. Holt
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia

Minh Duy Phan
School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, Australian Infectious Diseases Research Centre, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

Stephen Baker, Pham Thanh Duy, Tran Vu Thieu Nga
Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme, The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Satheesh Nair, John Wain
Laboratory of Enteric Pathogens, Health Protection Agency, Colindale, United Kingdom

Ciara Walsh
Food Safety Authority of Ireland, Dublin, Ireland

Séamus Fanning, Sinéad Farrell-Ward
School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Population Science, UCD Centre for Food Safety, Veterinary Sciences Centre, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin, Ireland

Shanta Dutta
National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata, India

Sam Kariuki
Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya

François-Xavier Weill
Institut Pasteur, Unité des Bactéries Pathogènes Entériques, Paris, France

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KEH MDP JP GD JW. Performed the experiments: MDP SB PTD TVTN SN AKT CW SF SFW SD SK FXW. Analyzed the data: KEH MDP SB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: CW SF SFW SD SK FXW. Wrote the paper: KEH MDP GD JW.