About the Authors

Inaki Tirados, Glyn A. Vale, Stephen J. Torr
Natural Resource Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham, Kent, United Kingdom

Johan Esterhuizen, Michael J. Lehane
Vector Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Jean Baptiste Rayaisse
Centre International de Recherche et Développement sur l'Élevage en Zone Subhumide, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso

Abdoulaye Diarrassouba, Dramane Kaba
Institut Pierre Richet, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire

Serge Mpiana
Laboratoire Vétérinaire Central de Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

Philippe Solano
Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, UMR 177 IRD-CIRAD, Montpellier, France

Corresponding Author

m.j.lehane@liv.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: IT JE JBR DK GAV PS MJL SJT. Performed the experiments: IT JE JBR AD DK SM. Analyzed the data: IT GAV MJL SJT. Wrote the paper: IT GAV MJL SJT.