About the Authors

Lawrence C. Madoff
Division of Infectious Disease and Immunology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts, United States of America

Lawrence C. Madoff
Division of Epidemiology and Immunization, Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

David N. Fisman
Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

David N. Fisman
Departments of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

David N. Fisman
Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Taha Kass-Hout
Public Health Surveillance Program Office, Office of Surveillance, Epidemiology & Laboratory Services, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Corresponding Author

david.fisman@utoronto.ca

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.