About the Authors

Man-Koumba Soumahoro

smkoumba@yahoo.fr

Affiliations Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, UMR_S 707, Paris, France, INSERM, U 707, Paris, France, Département d'Epidémiologie-Recherche Clinique, Institut Pasteur de Côte d'Ivoire, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire

Pierre-Yves Boelle

Affiliations Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, UMR_S 707, Paris, France, INSERM, U 707, Paris, France, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Service de Santé Publique, Hôpital Saint-Antoine, Paris, France

Bernard-Alex Gaüzere

Affiliation CHR de La Réunion, Site Centre Hospitalier Félix Guyon, Saint-Denis, La Réunion, France

Kokuvi Atsou

Affiliations Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, UMR_S 707, Paris, France, INSERM, U 707, Paris, France

Camille Pelat

Affiliations Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, UMR_S 707, Paris, France, INSERM, U 707, Paris, France

Bruno Lambert

Affiliation IMS-Health, Puteaux, France

Guy La Ruche

Affiliation Institut de Veille Sanitaire, Saint-Maurice, France

Marc Gastellu-Etchegorry

Affiliation Institut de Veille Sanitaire, Saint-Maurice, France

Philippe Renault

Affiliation CIRE Océan Indien, La Réunion, France

Marianne Sarazin

Affiliation INSERM, U 707, Paris, France

Yazdan Yazdanpanah

Affiliation Equipe Avenir ATIP U995, Lille, France

Antoine Flahault

Affiliation École des Hautes Etudes en Santé Publique, Rennes, France

Denis Malvy

Affiliation Université Bordeaux 2, Service de Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales, Hôpital Saint-André, Bordeaux, France

Thomas Hanslik

Affiliations INSERM, U 707, Paris, France, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Service de Médecine Interne, Hôpital Ambroise Paré, Boulogne Billancourt, France, Université Versailles Saint Quentin en Yvelines, Versailles, France

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MKS PYB TH. Performed the experiments: MKS. Analyzed the data: MKS PYB KA CP. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: BAG BL GLR MGE PR MS. Wrote the paper: MKS. Designed the software used in analysis: CP. Reviewed the manuscript for consistency and perspectives: PYB BAG AK GLR MGE PR YY AF DM.