About the Authors

Bashir Salim, Joseph Kamau, Ichiro Nakamura, Chihiro Sugimoto
Department of Collaboration and Education, Research Center for Zoonosis Control, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan

Bashir Salim, Mohammed A. Bakheit
Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Khartoum, Khartoum-North, Sudan

Thierry de Meeûs
UMR IRD/CIRAD 177 INTERTRYP, CIRDES, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina-Faso

Thierry de Meeûs
CNRS, Délégation Languedoc-Roussillon, Montpellier, France

Mohammed A. Bakheit
Veterinary Infection-Biology and -Immunology, Research Center Borstel, Borstel, Germany

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: BS TdM MAB JK IN CS. Performed the experiments: BS. Analyzed the data: TdM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: BS CS TdM JK. Wrote the paper: BS TdM MAB CS JK IN.