About the Authors

Allen Grolla

Affiliation Special Pathogens Program, National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Steven M. Jones

Affiliations Special Pathogens Program, National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, Department of Immunology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Lisa Fernando

Affiliation Special Pathogens Program, National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

James E. Strong

Affiliations Special Pathogens Program, National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Ute Ströher

Affiliations Special Pathogens Program, National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Peggy Möller

Address Current address: Novartis Vaccines and Diagnostics, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Affiliation Institut für Virologie, Philipps-Universität, Marburg, Hessen, Germany

Janusz T. Paweska

Affiliation Special Pathogens Unit, National Institute for Communicable Diseases of the National Health Laboratory Service, Sandringham, South Africa

Felicity Burt

Address Current address: Department of Medical Virology, National Health Laboratory Services Universitas and University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa

Affiliation Special Pathogens Unit, National Institute for Communicable Diseases of the National Health Laboratory Service, Sandringham, South Africa

Pedro Pablo Palma

Affiliation Médecins Sans Frontières, Barcelona, Spain

Armand Sprecher

Affiliation Médecins Sans Frontières, Brussels, Belgium

Pierre Formenty

Affiliation World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

Cathy Roth

Affiliation World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

Heinz Feldmann

feldmannh@niaid.nih.gov

Address Current address: Laboratory of Virology, Division of Intramural Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

Affiliations Special Pathogens Program, National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AG JES HF. Performed the experiments: AG SMJ LF JES US PM JTP FB PPP AS PF CR HF. Analyzed the data: AG SMJ LF JES US PM JTP FB PPP AS PF CR HF. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AG SMJ LF JES US PM JTP FB PPP AS PF CR HF. Wrote the paper: AG LF JES AS PF CR HF.