About the Authors

Mariángela Vargas

Affiliation Instituto Clodomiro Picado, Facultad de Microbiología, Universidad de Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica

Alvaro Segura

Affiliation Instituto Clodomiro Picado, Facultad de Microbiología, Universidad de Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica

María Herrera

Affiliation Instituto Clodomiro Picado, Facultad de Microbiología, Universidad de Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica

Mauren Villalta

Affiliation Instituto Clodomiro Picado, Facultad de Microbiología, Universidad de Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica

Ricardo Estrada

Affiliation Instituto Clodomiro Picado, Facultad de Microbiología, Universidad de Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica

Maykel Cerdas

Affiliation Instituto Clodomiro Picado, Facultad de Microbiología, Universidad de Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica

Owen Paiva

Affiliation School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Papua New Guinea, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

Teatulohi Matainaho

Affiliation School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Papua New Guinea, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

Simon D. Jensen

Affiliations School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Papua New Guinea, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea, Australian Venom Research Unit, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia

Kenneth D. Winkel

Affiliation Australian Venom Research Unit, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia

Guillermo León

Affiliation Instituto Clodomiro Picado, Facultad de Microbiología, Universidad de Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica

José María Gutiérrez

jose.gutierrez@ucr.ac.cr

Affiliation Instituto Clodomiro Picado, Facultad de Microbiología, Universidad de Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica

David J. Williams

Affiliations School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Papua New Guinea, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea, Australian Venom Research Unit, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia, Nossal Institute for Global Health, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia

Competing Interests

Mariángela Vargas, Alvaro Segura, María Herrera, Mauren Villalta, Ricardo Estrada, Maykel Cerdas, Guillermo León and José María Gutiérrez work at Instituto Clodomiro Picado, Universidad de Costa Rica, where one of the antivenoms tested in this study was produced.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: M Vargas A Segura M Herrera M Villalta R Estrada KD Winkel G León JM Gutiérrez DJ Williams. Performed the experiments: M Vargas A Segura M Herrera M Villalta R Estrada M Cerdas G León DJ Williams. Analyzed the data: M Vargas A Segura M Herrera M Villalta O Paiva T Matainaho SD Jensen KD Winkel G León JM Gutiérrez DJ Williams. Wrote the paper: O Paiva SD Jensen KD Winkel G León JM Gutiérrez DJ Williams.