About the Authors

Jennifer M. Anderson

Contributed equally to this work with: Jennifer M. Anderson, Sibiry Samake

Affiliation Laboratory of Malaria and Vector Research, National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

Sibiry Samake

Contributed equally to this work with: Jennifer M. Anderson, Sibiry Samake

Affiliation Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontostomatology, University of Bamako, Bamako, Mali

Giovanna Jaramillo-Gutierrez

Address Current address: Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu, RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands and European Programme for Public Health Microbiology Training (EUPHEM) in collaboration with Intervention Epidemiology Training (EPIET), European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), Stockholm, Sweden

Affiliation Laboratory of Malaria and Vector Research, National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

Ibrahim Sissoko

Affiliation Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontostomatology, University of Bamako, Bamako, Mali

Cheick A. Coulibaly

Affiliation Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontostomatology, University of Bamako, Bamako, Mali

Bourama Traoré

Affiliation Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontostomatology, University of Bamako, Bamako, Mali

Constance Soucko

Affiliation Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Bamako, Bamako, Mali

Boubacar Guindo

Affiliation Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontostomatology, University of Bamako, Bamako, Mali

Dansine Diarra

Affiliation Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontostomatology, University of Bamako, Bamako, Mali

Michael P. Fay

Affiliation Biostatistics Research Branch, National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

Phillip G. Lawyer

Affiliation Intracellular Parasite Biology Section, Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases, National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

Seydou Doumbia

Affiliation Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontostomatology, University of Bamako, Bamako, Mali

Jesus G. Valenzuela

Affiliation Laboratory of Malaria and Vector Research, National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

Shaden Kamhawi

skamhawi@niaid.nih.gov

Affiliation Laboratory of Malaria and Vector Research, National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JMA SS CS PGL SD JGV SK. Performed the experiments: JMA SS GJ-G IS CAC BT BG DD. Analyzed the data: JMA SS MPF PGL SD JGV SK. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: BG DD MPF. Wrote the paper: JMA SS MPF PGL SD JGV SK.