About the Authors

Bijayeeni Mohapatra

Affiliation Shri Ramachandra Bhanj Medical College, Cuttack, Orissa, India

David A. Warrell

Affiliations Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, Australian Venom Research Unit, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia

Wilson Suraweera

Affiliation Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR), Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital and Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Prakash Bhatia

Affiliation Indian Institute of Health and Family Welfare, Hyderabad, India

Neeraj Dhingra

Affiliation National AIDS Control Organization, New Delhi, India

Raju M. Jotkar

Affiliations Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR), Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital and Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, St. John's Research Institute, Bangalore, India

Peter S. Rodriguez

Affiliation Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR), Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital and Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Kaushik Mishra

Affiliation Shri Ramachandra Bhanj Medical College, Cuttack, Orissa, India

Romulus Whitaker

Affiliation Madras Crocodile Bank Trust and Centre for Herpetology, Chennai, India

Prabhat Jha

prabhat.jha@utoronto.ca

Affiliation Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR), Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital and Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

for the Million Death Study Collaborators

Membership of the Million Death Study Collaborators is provided in the Acknowledgments.

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: PJ DAW BM. Performed the experiments: PJ DAW. Analyzed the data: PJ DAW WS PSR. Wrote the paper: PJ DAW BM. Analysis planning: PB BM WS DAW PJ. Statistical analysis: WS PJ. Data interpretation, critical revision of the paper, and approval of the final paper: BM DAW WS PB ND RMJ PSR KM RW PJ.