About the Authors

James J. Collins III

Contributed equally to this work with: James J. Collins III, Ryan S. King

Affiliation Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Neuroscience Program, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America

Ryan S. King

Contributed equally to this work with: James J. Collins III, Ryan S. King

Affiliation Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Neuroscience Program, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America

Alexis Cogswell

Affiliation Department of Immunology/Microbiology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

David L. Williams

Affiliation Department of Immunology/Microbiology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Phillip A. Newmark

pnewmark@life.illinois.edu

Affiliation Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Neuroscience Program, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JJC RSK PAN. Performed the experiments: JJC RSK AC. Analyzed the data: JJC RSK PAN. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AC DLW. Wrote the paper: JJC RSK PAN.