About the Authors

Stephen Delgado

Affiliations School of Geography and Development, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States of America, Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States of America

Ricardo Castillo Neyra

Affiliation Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Víctor R. Quispe Machaca

Affiliation Urbanización Ingeniería, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

Jenny Ancca Juárez

Affiliation Urbanización Ingeniería, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

Lily Chou Chu

Affiliation Urbanización Ingeniería, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

Manuela Renee Verastegui

Affiliation Urbanización Ingeniería, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

Giovanna M. Moscoso Apaza

Affiliation Urbanización Ingeniería, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

César D. Bocángel

Affiliation Urbanización Ingeniería, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

Aaron W. Tustin

Affiliation Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America

Charles R. Sterling

Affiliation Department of Veterinary Science and Microbiology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States of America

Andrew C. Comrie

Affiliation School of Geography and Development, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States of America

César Náquira

Affiliation Urbanización Ingeniería, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

Juan G. Cornejo del Carpio

Affiliation Gerencia Regional de Salud de Arequipa, Arequipa, Peru

Robert H. Gilman

Affiliations Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America, Urbanización Ingeniería, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

Caryn Bern

Affiliation Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Michael Z. Levy

mzlevy@mail.med.upenn.edu

Affiliation Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CN RHG CB MZL. Performed the experiments: RCN VRQM JAJ LCC MRV GMMA CDB. Analyzed the data: SD AWT MZL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SD RCN VRQM JAJ LCC MRV GMMA CDB AWT CRS ACC JGCdC MZL. Wrote the paper: SD CB MZL.