About the Authors

Kathryn E. Holt

Contributed equally to this work with: Kathryn E. Holt, Christiane Dolecek

kholt@unimelb.edu.au

Affiliations The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia

Christiane Dolecek

Contributed equally to this work with: Kathryn E. Holt, Christiane Dolecek

Affiliations The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Centre for Tropical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Tran Thuy Chau

Affiliation The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Pham Thanh Duy

Affiliation The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Tran Thi Phi La

Affiliation An Giang Provincial Hospital, My Binh, Long Xuyen, An Giang, Vietnam

Nguyen Van Minh Hoang

Affiliation The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Tran Vu Thieu Nga

Affiliation The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

James I. Campbell

Affiliations The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Centre for Tropical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Bui Huu Manh

Affiliation National Institute of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Wellcome Trust Overseas Program, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Dong Da, Ha Noi, Vietnam

Nguyen Van Vinh Chau

Affiliation The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Tran Tinh Hien

Affiliation The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Jeremy Farrar

Affiliations The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Centre for Tropical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Gordon Dougan

Affiliation The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Stephen Baker

Affiliations The Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Wellcome Trust Major Overseas Programme, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Centre for Tropical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KEH CD NVVC TTH JF GD SB. Performed the experiments: TTC PTD TTPL NVMH TVTN JIC BHM NVVC. Analyzed the data: KEH CD BHM SB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TTPL GD. Wrote the paper: KEH CD NVVC TTH JF GD SB.