About the Authors

Julie Vallée

valleej@yahoo.fr

Affiliations Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, UMR190, Marseille, France, Université Paris Ouest La Défense, Laboratoire Espace, Santé et Territoire, Nanterre, France

Thaksinaporn Thaojaikong

Affiliation Wellcome Trust-Mahosot Hospital-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Collaboration, Mahosot Hospital, Vientiane, Lao PDR

Catrin E. Moore

Affiliations Wellcome Trust-Mahosot Hospital-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Collaboration, Mahosot Hospital, Vientiane, Lao PDR, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

Rattanaphone Phetsouvanh

Affiliations Wellcome Trust-Mahosot Hospital-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Collaboration, Mahosot Hospital, Vientiane, Lao PDR, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

Allen L. Richards

Affiliation Rickettsial Diseases Research Program, Naval Medical Research Center, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

Marc Souris

Affiliations Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, UMR190, Marseille, France, Faculty of Science, Center of Excellence for Vectors and Vector Borne Diseases, Mahidol University, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand, Remote Sensing & Geographic Information Systems Field of Study (RS&GIS FoS), Asian Institute of Technology, Pathumthani, Thailand

Florence Fournet

Affiliation Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, UMR190, Marseille, France

Gérard Salem

Affiliation Université Paris Ouest La Défense, Laboratoire Espace, Santé et Territoire, Nanterre, France

Jean-Paul J. Gonzalez

Affiliations Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, UMR190, Marseille, France, Centre International de Recherches Médicales de Franceville (CIRMF), Libreville, Gabon

Paul N. Newton

Affiliations Wellcome Trust-Mahosot Hospital-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Collaboration, Mahosot Hospital, Vientiane, Lao PDR, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JV TT CEM RP ALR MS FF GS JPJG PNN. Performed the experiments: TT CEM RP ALR. Analyzed the data: JV PNN. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JV MS FF GS JPJG PNN. Wrote the paper: JV PNN.