About the Authors

Lucas E. Matemba, Stafford N. Kibona
Tabora Research Centre, National Institute for Medical Research, Tabora, Tanzania

Lucas E. Matemba, Kim Picozzi, Susan C. Welburn
Centre for Infectious Diseases, School of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Eric M. Fèvre
Ashworth Laboratories, Centre for Infectious Diseases, School of Biological Sciences, College of Science and Engineering, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Sarah Cleaveland
Division of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Alexandra P. Shaw
AP Consultants, Abbotts Ann, Andover, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

sue.welburn@ed.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: LEM EMF SNK KP SC SCW. Performed the experiments: LEM. Analyzed the data: LEM EMF APS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SNK APS. Wrote the paper: LEM SCW.