About the Authors

Chonggang Xu

xuchongang@gmail.com

Affiliation Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, United States of America

Mathieu Legros

Affiliation Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, United States of America

Fred Gould

Affiliation Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, United States of America

Alun L. Lloyd

Affiliation Department of Mathematics and Biomathematics Graduate Program, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CX ML FG ALL. Performed the experiments: CX ML. Analyzed the data: CX. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: CX ML FG ALL. Wrote the paper: CX ML FG ALL.