About the Authors

Nicolas Praet

Contributed equally to this work with: Nicolas Praet, Kirezi Kanobana

npraet@itg.be

Affiliations Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium, Department of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, Research Unit of Epidemiology and Risk Analysis Applied to Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium

Kirezi Kanobana

Contributed equally to this work with: Nicolas Praet, Kirezi Kanobana

Affiliation Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

Constantin Kabwe

Affiliation Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

Vivi Maketa

Affiliation Tropical Medicine Department, Kinshasa University, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

Philippe Lukanu

Affiliation Kimpese Health Zone, Kimpese, Democratic Republic of Congo

Pascal Lutumba

Affiliation Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

Katja Polman

Affiliation Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

Peter Matondo

Affiliation Laboratoire Vétérinaire de Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

Niko Speybroeck

Affiliations Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium, Institute of Health and Society, Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium

Pierre Dorny

Affiliation Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

Julienne Sumbu

Affiliation Laboratoire Vétérinaire de Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: N. Praet, K. Kanobana, P. Lutumba, K. Polman, P. Dorny, J. Sumbu. Performed the experiments: N. Praet, K. Kanobana, C. Kabwe, V. Maketa, P. Lukanu, P. Lutumba, P. Matondo, J. Sumbu. Analyzed the data: N. Praet, K. Kanobana, N. Speybroeck. Wrote the paper: N. Praet, K. Kanobana.