About the Authors

Evangelia Morou

Contributed equally to this work with: Evangelia Morou, Andrew J. Dowd

Affiliations Vector Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom, Department of Biology, University of Crete, Heraklio, Greece

Andrew J. Dowd

Contributed equally to this work with: Evangelia Morou, Andrew J. Dowd

Affiliation Vector Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Shavanti Rajatileka

Affiliation Vector Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Andrew Steven

Affiliation Vector Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Janet Hemingway

Affiliation Vector Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Hilary Ranson

Affiliation Vector Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Mark Paine

M.J.Paine@liverpool.ac.uk (MP); vontas@imbb.forth.gr (JV)

Affiliation Vector Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

John Vontas

M.J.Paine@liverpool.ac.uk (MP); vontas@imbb.forth.gr (JV)

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Crete, Heraklio, Greece

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MP JV. Performed the experiments: EM AJD SR. Analyzed the data: EM AJD JV. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AS JH HR. Wrote the paper: HR MP JV.