About the Authors

Sakthivel Vaiyapuri, Kimberley A. Watson, Jonathan M. Gibbins, E. Gail Hutchinson
School of Biological Sciences, University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, United Kingdom

Simon C. Wagstaff, Robert A. Harrison
Alistair Reid Venom Research Unit, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Jonathan M. Gibbins
Blood Transfusion Research Group, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SV SCW KAW RAH JMG EGH. Performed the experiments: SV SCW. Analyzed the data: SV KAW RAH JMG EGH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SV RAH JMG EGH. Wrote the paper: SV EGH.