About the Authors

Sakthivel Vaiyapuri

Affiliation School of Biological Sciences, University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, United Kingdom

Simon C. Wagstaff

Affiliation Alistair Reid Venom Research Unit, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Kimberley A. Watson

Affiliation School of Biological Sciences, University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, United Kingdom

Robert A. Harrison

Affiliation Alistair Reid Venom Research Unit, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Jonathan M. Gibbins

Affiliations School of Biological Sciences, University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, United Kingdom, Blood Transfusion Research Group, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

E. Gail Hutchinson

e.g.hutchinson@reading.ac.uk

Affiliation School of Biological Sciences, University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SV SCW KAW RAH JMG EGH. Performed the experiments: SV SCW. Analyzed the data: SV KAW RAH JMG EGH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SV RAH JMG EGH. Wrote the paper: SV EGH.