About the Authors

Da-Bing Lu

dabing2001wyz@yahoo.com.cn

Affiliation Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom

James W. Rudge

Affiliation Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom

Tian-Ping Wang

Affiliation Anhui Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Wuhu, People's Republic of China

Christl A. Donnelly

Affiliation Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom

Guo-Ren Fang

Affiliation Anhui Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Wuhu, People's Republic of China

Joanne P. Webster

Affiliation Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DBL TPW JPW. Analyzed the data: DBL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DBL JWR TPW CAD JPW. Wrote the paper: DBL JWR CAD JPW. Performed field surveys and PCR work: JWR GRF.