About the Authors

Maia A. Rabaa, Edward C. Holmes
Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, Department of Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Vu Thi Ty Hang, Bridget Wills, Jeremy Farrar, Cameron P. Simmons
Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam

Edward C. Holmes
Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MAR JF CPS ECH. Performed the experiments: VTTH BW. Analyzed the data: MAR. Wrote the paper: MAR JF CPS ECH.