About the Authors

Shao-Hong Chen

Affiliation National Institute of Parasitic Disease, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, WHO Collaborating Center of Malaria, Schistosomiasis and Filariasis, Shanghai, People's Republic of China

Qin Liu

Affiliation National Institute of Parasitic Disease, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, WHO Collaborating Center of Malaria, Schistosomiasis and Filariasis, Shanghai, People's Republic of China

Yong-Nian Zhang

Affiliation National Institute of Parasitic Disease, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, WHO Collaborating Center of Malaria, Schistosomiasis and Filariasis, Shanghai, People's Republic of China

Jia-Xu Chen

Affiliation National Institute of Parasitic Disease, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, WHO Collaborating Center of Malaria, Schistosomiasis and Filariasis, Shanghai, People's Republic of China

Hao Li

Affiliation National Institute of Parasitic Disease, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, WHO Collaborating Center of Malaria, Schistosomiasis and Filariasis, Shanghai, People's Republic of China

Ying Chen

Affiliation National Institute of Parasitic Disease, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, WHO Collaborating Center of Malaria, Schistosomiasis and Filariasis, Shanghai, People's Republic of China

Peter Steinmann

Affiliations National Institute of Parasitic Disease, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, WHO Collaborating Center of Malaria, Schistosomiasis and Filariasis, Shanghai, People's Republic of China, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland

Xiao-Nong Zhou

ipdzhouxn@sh163.net

Affiliation National Institute of Parasitic Disease, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, WHO Collaborating Center of Malaria, Schistosomiasis and Filariasis, Shanghai, People's Republic of China

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SHC QL YNZ JXC HL XNZ. Performed the experiments: SHC QL YNZ JXC HL. Analyzed the data: SHC QL YC PS XNZ. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SHC QL JXC HL YC PS XNZ. Wrote the paper: SHC QL YC PS XNZ.