About the Authors

Jon S. Beadell, Chaz Hyseni, Adalgisa Caccone
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Patrick P. Abila, Rogers Azabo, Loyce M. Okedi
National Livestock Resources Research Institute, Tororo, Uganda

John C. K. Enyaru
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

Johnson O. Ouma
Trypanosomiasis Research Centre, Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, Kikuyu, Kenya

Yassir O. Mohammed
Central Veterinary Research Laboratories, Animal Resources Research Corporation, Khartoum, Sudan

Serap Aksoy
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Corresponding Author

jon.beadell@yale.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JSB LMO SA AC. Performed the experiments: JSB CH JOO. Analyzed the data: JSB CH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: PPA RA JCKE JOO YOM LMO SA AC. Wrote the paper: JSB.