About the Authors

Jon S. Beadell

jon.beadell@yale.edu

Affiliation Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Chaz Hyseni

Affiliation Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Patrick P. Abila

Affiliation National Livestock Resources Research Institute, Tororo, Uganda

Rogers Azabo

Affiliation National Livestock Resources Research Institute, Tororo, Uganda

John C. K. Enyaru

Affiliation Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

Johnson O. Ouma

Affiliation Trypanosomiasis Research Centre, Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, Kikuyu, Kenya

Yassir O. Mohammed

Affiliation Central Veterinary Research Laboratories, Animal Resources Research Corporation, Khartoum, Sudan

Loyce M. Okedi

Affiliation National Livestock Resources Research Institute, Tororo, Uganda

Serap Aksoy

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Adalgisa Caccone

Affiliation Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JSB LMO SA AC. Performed the experiments: JSB CH JOO. Analyzed the data: JSB CH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: PPA RA JCKE JOO YOM LMO SA AC. Wrote the paper: JSB.