About the Authors

Sandra J. Laney

slaney@smith.edu

Affiliations Department of Biological Sciences, Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts, United States of America, Zoology Department, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Reda M. R. Ramzy

Affiliation National Nutrition Institute, Cairo, Egypt

Hanan H. Helmy

Affiliation Research and Training Center on Vectors of Diseases, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Hoda A. Farid

Affiliation Department of Entomology, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Ameen A. Ashour

Affiliation Faculty of Science, Taif University, Taif, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Gary J. Weil

Affiliation Infectious Disease Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

Steven A. Williams

Affiliations Department of Biological Sciences, Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts, United States of America, Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts, United States of America

Competing Interests

GJW is on the Editorial Board of PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases as an Editorial Advisor.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SJL RMRR HHH HAF GJW SAW. Performed the experiments: SJL. Analyzed the data: SJL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SJL HAF. Wrote the paper: SJL. Edited and revised the manuscript: RMRR HHH HAF AAA GJW SAW.