About the Authors

Sandra J. Laney, Steven A. Williams
Department of Biological Sciences, Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts, United States of America

Sandra J. Laney
Zoology Department, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Reda M. R. Ramzy
National Nutrition Institute, Cairo, Egypt

Hanan H. Helmy
Research and Training Center on Vectors of Diseases, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Hoda A. Farid
Department of Entomology, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Ameen A. Ashour
Faculty of Science, Taif University, Taif, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Gary J. Weil
Infectious Disease Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

Steven A. Williams
Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts, United States of America

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

GJW is on the Editorial Board of PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases as an Editorial Advisor.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SJL RMRR HHH HAF GJW SAW. Performed the experiments: SJL. Analyzed the data: SJL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SJL HAF. Wrote the paper: SJL. Edited and revised the manuscript: RMRR HHH HAF AAA GJW SAW.