About the Authors

Alexandra Schwarz, Peter F. Billingsley, Jeremy M. Sternberg
School of Biological Sciences, Zoology Building, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom

Alexandra Schwarz, Günter A. Schaub
Group Zoology/Parasitology, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum, Germany

Stefan Helling, Katrin Marcus, Christian Stephan, Helmut E. Meyer
Medizinisches Proteom-Center, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum, Germany

Nicolas Collin, Clarissa R. Teixeira, José M. C. Ribeiro, Jesus G. Valenzuela
Vector Molecular Biology Unit, Laboratory of Malaria and Vector Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

Nora Medrano-Mercado
Laboratory of Chagas Disease and Immunoparasitology, Biology Department–Facultad de Ciencias y Tecnología, Universidad Mayor de San Simón, Cochabamba, Bolivia

Jen C. C. Hume
International Studies of Malaria and Entomology Section, Laboratory of Malaria and Vector Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

Teresa C. Assumpção
Laboratory of Host-Parasite Interface, University of Brasilia, Brasilia-DF, Brazil

Peter F. Billingsley
Sanaria, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

Corresponding Author

alexandraschwarz@arcor.de

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AS SH NC CRT PFB JGV JMS GAS. Performed the experiments: AS SH NC CRT NMM JCCH. Analyzed the data: AS SH NC CS JMS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JCCH TCA KM HEM JMCR JGV JMS GAS. Wrote the paper: AS JMS GAS.