About the Authors

Yu Rong Yang

Affiliations Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China, Molecular Parasitology Laboratory, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Australia, School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia

Tianxi Liu

Affiliation The Health Department of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Yinchuan, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

Xueli Bai

Affiliation Ningxia Centre for Disease Control, Yinchuan, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

Belgees Boufana

Affiliation Cestode Zoonoses Research Group, Biomedical Sciences Research Institute and School of Environment and Life Sciences, University of Salford, Salford, Greater Manchester, UK

Philip S. Craig

Affiliation Cestode Zoonoses Research Group, Biomedical Sciences Research Institute and School of Environment and Life Sciences, University of Salford, Salford, Greater Manchester, UK

Minoru Nakao

Affiliation Asahikawa Medical College, Asahikawa, Japan

Akira Ito

Affiliation Asahikawa Medical College, Asahikawa, Japan

Jan Zhong Zhang

Affiliation Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

Patrick Giraudoux

Affiliation Chrono-environment UMR UFC/CNRS 6249 USC INRA WHO Collaborating Centre for Prevention and Treatment of Human Echinococcosis, University of Franche-Comte, Besançon, France

Donald P. McManus

donM@qimr.edu.au

Affiliation Molecular Parasitology Laboratory, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Australia

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: YRY TL PSC AI PG DPM. Performed the experiments: YRY TL XB BB MN AI JZZ. Analyzed the data: YRY TL XB BB PSC MN AI JZZ PG DPM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MN JZZ. Wrote the paper: YRY BB PSC AI PG DPM.