About the Authors

Yu Rong Yang, Jan Zhong Zhang
Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

Yu Rong Yang, Donald P. McManus
Molecular Parasitology Laboratory, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Australia

Yu Rong Yang
School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia

Tianxi Liu
The Health Department of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Yinchuan, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

Xueli Bai
Ningxia Centre for Disease Control, Yinchuan, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

Belgees Boufana, Philip S. Craig
Cestode Zoonoses Research Group, Biomedical Sciences Research Institute and School of Environment and Life Sciences, University of Salford, Salford, Greater Manchester, UK

Minoru Nakao, Akira Ito
Asahikawa Medical College, Asahikawa, Japan

Patrick Giraudoux
Chrono-environment UMR UFC/CNRS 6249 USC INRA WHO Collaborating Centre for Prevention and Treatment of Human Echinococcosis, University of Franche-Comte, Besançon, France

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: YRY TL PSC AI PG DPM. Performed the experiments: YRY TL XB BB MN AI JZZ. Analyzed the data: YRY TL XB BB PSC MN AI JZZ PG DPM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MN JZZ. Wrote the paper: YRY BB PSC AI PG DPM.