About the Authors

Christiane Giroud

Contributed equally to this work with: Christiane Giroud, Florence Ottones, Virginie Coustou

Affiliation UMR 5234, Centre National de Recherche Scientifique, IFR66, Université Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France

Florence Ottones

Contributed equally to this work with: Christiane Giroud, Florence Ottones, Virginie Coustou

Affiliation UMR 5234, Centre National de Recherche Scientifique, IFR66, Université Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France

Virginie Coustou

Contributed equally to this work with: Christiane Giroud, Florence Ottones, Virginie Coustou

Affiliation UMR 5234, Centre National de Recherche Scientifique, IFR66, Université Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France

Denis Dacheux

Affiliation UMR 5234, Centre National de Recherche Scientifique, IFR66, Université Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France

Nicolas Biteau

Affiliation UMR 5234, Centre National de Recherche Scientifique, IFR66, Université Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France

Benjamin Miezan

Affiliation Projet de recherches cliniques sur la trypanosomiase (PRCT), Daloa, Ivory Coast

Nick Van Reet

Affiliation Institute of Tropical Medicine Antwerp, Department of Parasitology, Antwerp, Belgium

Mark Carrington

Affiliation Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Felix Doua

Affiliation Projet de recherches cliniques sur la trypanosomiase (PRCT), Daloa, Ivory Coast

Théo Baltz

theo.baltz@u-bordeaux2.fr

Affiliation UMR 5234, Centre National de Recherche Scientifique, IFR66, Université Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CG FO VC DD NB BM NVR MC FD TB. Performed the experiments: CG FO VC DD NB BM NVR. Analyzed the data: CG FO VC DD NB BM TB. Wrote the paper: FO NB TB. Critically reviewed the paper: VC MC. Patient recruitment and examinations: FD.