About the Authors

Sandra D. Melman, Michelle L. Steinauer, Charles Cunningham, Nirvana Barker Wynn, Eric S. Loker
Center for Evolutionary and Theoretical Immunology, Department of Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States of America

Laura S. Kubatko
Departments of Statistics and Evolution, Ecology, and Organismal Biology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, United States of America

Ibrahim N. Mwangi, Martin W. Mutuku, Gerald M. Mkoji
Centre for Biotechnology Research and Development, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya

Diana M. S. Karanja
Center for Global Health Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kisumu, Kenya

Daniel G. Colley, Carla L. Black
Center for Tropical and Emerging Global Diseases and Department of Microbiology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, United States of America

William Evan Secor
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Parasitic Diseases, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SDM MLS CC NBW ESL. Performed the experiments: SDM MLS CC INM NBW MWM. Analyzed the data: SDM MLS LSK INM NBW. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: CC DMSK DGC CLB WES GMM ESL. Wrote the paper: SDM MLS LSK ESL.