About the Authors

Jenny Knapp

Affiliations Institute of Parasitology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland, Department of Chrono-Environment, CNRS 6249, usc INRA, University of Franche-Comté, Besançon, France

Jean-Mathieu Bart

Affiliation Department of Chrono-Environment, CNRS 6249, usc INRA, University of Franche-Comté, Besançon, France

Patrick Giraudoux

Affiliation Department of Chrono-Environment, CNRS 6249, usc INRA, University of Franche-Comté, Besançon, France

Marie-Louise Glowatzki

Affiliation Department of Clinical Research, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland

Isabelle Breyer

Affiliation Institute of Parasitology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland

Francis Raoul

Affiliation Department of Chrono-Environment, CNRS 6249, usc INRA, University of Franche-Comté, Besançon, France

Peter Deplazes

Affiliation Institute of Parasitology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

Georg Duscher

Affiliation Institute for Parasitology and Zoology, Department for Pathobiology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria

Karel Martinek

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of West Bohemia, Pilsen, Czech Republic

Pavol Dubinsky

Affiliation Parasitological Institute, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Kosice, Slovak Republic

Marie-Hélène Guislain

Affiliation 2C2A-CERFE, Boult-aux-Bois, France

Florence Cliquet

Affiliation AFSSA, Malzéville, France

Thomas Romig

Affiliation Institute of Zoology, University of Hohenheim, Hohenheim, Germany

Andrzej Malczewski

Affiliation Witold Stefanski Institute of Parasitology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland

Bruno Gottstein

Contributed equally to this work with: Bruno Gottstein, Renaud Piarroux

bruno.gottstein@ipa.unibe.ch

Affiliation Institute of Parasitology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland

Renaud Piarroux

Contributed equally to this work with: Bruno Gottstein, Renaud Piarroux

Affiliation Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Hôpital la Timone, Marseille, France

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JK BG RP. Performed the experiments: JK JMB MLG. Analyzed the data: JK JMB PG MLG FR BG RP. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MLG IB PD GD KM PD MHG FC TR AM. Wrote the paper: JK BG RP.