About the Authors

Maurice O. Omolo

Affiliations International Center for Insect Physiology and Ecology, ICIPE, Nairobi, Kenya, Masinde Muliro University of Science & Technology, Kakamega, Kenya

Ahmed Hassanali

Affiliation International Center for Insect Physiology and Ecology, ICIPE, Nairobi, Kenya

Serge Mpiana

Affiliation Labovet, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

Johan Esterhuizen

Affiliation Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Jenny Lindh

Affiliation Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Mike J. Lehane

m.j.lehane@liv.ac.uk

Affiliation Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Philippe Solano

Affiliation Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), UMR 177 IRD-CIRAD, Montpellier, France

Jean Baptiste Rayaisse

Affiliation Centre International de Recherche-Développement sur l'Elevage en Zone Subhumide (CIRDES), Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso

Glyn A. Vale

Affiliation Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham, United Kingdom

Steve J. Torr

Affiliation Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham, United Kingdom

Inaki Tirados

Affiliation Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Chatham, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MOO AH JE JL MJL PS GAV SJT IT. Performed the experiments: MOO SM JE JBR SJT IT. Analyzed the data: MOO JE PS JBR GAV SJT IT. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MOO PS. Wrote the paper: MOO JE MJL PS GAV SJT IT.