About the Authors

Afif Ben Salah

Contributed equally to this work with: Afif Ben Salah, Pierre A. Buffet

Affiliation Institut Pasteur de Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia

Pierre A. Buffet

Contributed equally to this work with: Afif Ben Salah, Pierre A. Buffet

Affiliation Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Gloria Morizot

Affiliation Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Nathalie Ben Massoud

Affiliation Institut Pasteur de Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia

Amor Zâatour

Affiliation Institut Pasteur de Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia

Nissaf Ben Alaya

Affiliation Institut Pasteur de Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia

Nabil Bel Haj Hamida

Affiliation Institut Pasteur de Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia

Zaher El Ahmadi

Affiliation Direction Régionale de la Santé de Sidi Bouzid, Sidi Bouzid, Tunisia

Matthew T. Downs

Affiliation Statistics Collaborative, Washington, D.C., United States of America

Philip L. Smith

Affiliation United States Army Medical Materiel Development Activity, Fort Detrick, Maryland, United States of America

Koussay Dellagi

Affiliation Institut Pasteur de Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia

Max Grögl

max.grogl1@us.army.mil

Affiliation Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

Competing Interests

Patent-Actual: As a member of the US Army, MG received $200 when he signed the patent to the US Army. MG has no financial competing interests and would like to see this product approved by the FDA for the good of the soldiers and people in endemic countries.

Author Contributions

Wrote the paper: PAB. Conceived and designed the study: ABS PAB MG. Implemented the study in Paris: PAB GM. Implemented the study in Tunisia: ABS NBM AZ NBHH ZEA. Implemented cGCP at French and Tunisian sites: ABS PAB GM MG. Coordinated the study sites: PAB GM. Analyzed the data: ABS PAB NBA MTD MG. Wrote the paper: ABS PAB PLS MG. Managed the funding and contracts: GM PLS. Facilitated the study and assisted in the design of the study KD. Overall responsibility for the study: MG.