About the Authors

Hitoshi Kawada, Yukiko Higa, Masahiro Takagi
Department of Vector Ecology & Environment, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan

Yen T. Nguyen, Son H. Tran, Hoa T. Nguyen
National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam

Corresponding Author

vergiss@nagasaki-u.ac.jp

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HK YH YTN HTN MT. Performed the experiments: HK YH YTN SHT. Analyzed the data: HK. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: HK MT. Wrote the paper: HK.