About the Authors

Atupele P. Kapito-Tembo

atupelekapito@yahoo.co.uk

Affiliations Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America, Ministry of Health and Population, Blantyre District Health Office, Blantyre, Malawi

Victor Mwapasa

Affiliation Department of Community Health, University of Malawi College of Medicine, Chichiri, Blantyre, Malawi

Steven R. Meshnick

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Young Samanyika

Affiliation Ministry of Health and Population, Blantyre District Health Office, Blantyre, Malawi

Dan Banda

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, University of Malawi College of Medicine, Chichiri, Blantyre, Malawi

Cameron Bowie

Affiliation Department of Community Health, University of Malawi College of Medicine, Chichiri, Blantyre, Malawi

Sarah Radke

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: APKT VM SRM YS CB. Performed the experiments: YS DB SR. Analyzed the data: APKT. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SRM DB. Wrote the paper: APKT VM SRM YS CB SR.