About the Authors

Philippe J. Guerin

philippe.guerin@epicentre.msf.org

Affiliations Epicentre, Paris, France, Division of Infectious Disease Control, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway, Centre for Prevention of Global Infections, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

Lisbeth M. Næss

Affiliations Division of Infectious Disease Control, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway, Centre for Prevention of Global Infections, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

Carole Fogg

Affiliation Epicentre, Paris, France

Einar Rosenqvist

Affiliations Division of Infectious Disease Control, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway, Centre for Prevention of Global Infections, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

Loretxu Pinoges

Affiliation Epicentre, Paris, France

Francis Bajunirwe

Affiliations Epicentre, Paris, France, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara, Uganda

Carolyn Nabasumba

Affiliation Epicentre, Paris, France

Ray Borrow

Affiliation Health Protection Agency, Manchester, United Kingdom

Leif O. Frøholm

Affiliation Division of Infectious Disease Control, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway

Salah Ghabri

Affiliation Epicentre, Paris, France

Vincent Batwala

Affiliations Epicentre, Paris, France, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara, Uganda

Rogers Twesigye

Affiliation Epicentre, Paris, France

Ingeborg S. Aaberge

Affiliations Division of Infectious Disease Control, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway, Centre for Prevention of Global Infections, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

John-Arne Røttingen

Affiliations Division of Infectious Disease Control, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway, Centre for Prevention of Global Infections, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway, Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services, Oslo, Norway

Patrice Piola

Affiliation Epicentre, Paris, France

Dominique A. Caugant

Affiliations Division of Infectious Disease Control, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway, Centre for Prevention of Global Infections, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway, Department of Oral Biology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: PJG LMN ER LOF ISA JAR DAC. Performed the experiments: LMN CF FB CN RB VB RT PP DAC. Analyzed the data: PJG LMN LP SG PP. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: PJG LMN ER LP RB SG PP DAC. Wrote the paper: PJG LMN CF ER FB CN LOF ISA JAR PP DAC.