About the Authors

Daniel Pilger, Stefan Schwalfenberg, Lars Witt, Adak Khakban, Hermann Feldmeier
Institute for Microbiology and Hygiene, Charité–University of Medicine, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin, Germany

Jörg Heukelbach
Department of Community Health, School of Medicine, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Brazil

Jörg Heukelbach
Mandacaru Foundation, Fortaleza, Brazil

Norbert Mencke
Bayer HealthCare AG, Animal Health Division, Leverkusen, Germany

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

Norbert Mencke is a senior scientist at Bayer Health Care, Monheim, Germany, a company which produces insecticides.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JH HF. Performed the experiments: SS JH LW. Analyzed the data: DP. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: NM. Wrote the paper: DP. Contributed to the manuscript: JH. Contributed to the manuscript and analysis: AK. Revised the manuscript and participated in the analysis: HF.