About the Authors

Amara E. Ezeamama

AEzeamama@healtheffects.org

Affiliations Department of Community Health and International Health Institute, Brown University Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America, Health Effects Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Stephen T. McGarvey

Affiliation Department of Community Health and International Health Institute, Brown University Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America

Luz P. Acosta

Affiliation Department of Immunology, Research Institute of Tropical Medicine, Manila, The Philippines

Sally Zierler

Affiliation Department of Community Health, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America

Daria L. Manalo

Affiliation Department of Immunology, Research Institute of Tropical Medicine, Manila, The Philippines

Hai-Wei Wu

Affiliation Department of Pathogenic Biology, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China

Jonathan D. Kurtis

Affiliations Center for International Health Research, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Brown University Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America

Vincent Mor

Affiliation Department of Community Health, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America

Remigio M. Olveda

Affiliation Department of Immunology, Research Institute of Tropical Medicine, Manila, The Philippines

Jennifer F. Friedman

Affiliations Center for International Health Research, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America, Department of Pediatrics, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AE DM HW JK JF. Performed the experiments: AE DM HW JF. Analyzed the data: AE. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AE SM JK VM JF. Wrote the paper: AE SM LA SZ JK VM RO JF. Critiqued drafts of the manuscript: DM RO. Provided substantive contribution regarding the definition of interaction terms, and reviewed, refined, and approved manuscript drafts: SZ.