About the Authors

Michael A. Matthias, Jessica N. Ricaldi, Kailash P. Patra, Joseph M. Vinetz
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego School of Medicine, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Jessica N. Ricaldi, Eduardo Gotuzzo
Alexander von Humboldt Institute of Tropical Medicine, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

Manuel Cespedes
Leptospirosis Reference Laboratory, National Institute of Health, Lima, Peru

M. Monica Diaz
CONICET (Consejo de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas) and PIDBA (Programa de Investigaciones de Biodiversidad Argentina), Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, Tucumán, Argentina

Renee L. Galloway, Arnold G. Steigerwalt
Leptospirosis Laboratory, Meningitis and Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Mayuko Saito
Asociacion Benefica PRISMA, Lima, Peru

Carlos Vidal Ore
Directorate of Public Health, Ministry of Health, Loreto Department, Iquitos, Peru

Robert H. Gilman
Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Paul N. Levett
Saskatchewan Disease Control Laboratory, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MM JR MC MD RLG KP CV EG RHG JV. Performed the experiments: MM JR MC MD RLG AS KP RG. Analyzed the data: MM JR MC MD RLG MS AS KP CV EG RHG PL JV. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MM JR MC MD RLG AS KP JV. Wrote the paper: MM JR MD RLG MS KP EG RHG PL JV.