About the Authors

Janjira Thaipadungpanit

Affiliation Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

Vanaporn Wuthiekanun

Affiliation Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

Wirongrong Chierakul

Affiliation Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

Lee D. Smythe

Affiliation WHO/FAO/OIE Collaborating Centre for Reference & Research on Leptospirosis, Centre for Public Health Sciences, Queensland Health Scientific Services, Brisbane, Australia

Wimol Petkanchanapong

Affiliation National Institute of Health, Nonthaburi Province, Thailand

Roongrueng Limpaiboon

Affiliation Medical Department, Udon Thani General Hospital, Udon Thani, Thailand

Apichat Apiwatanaporn

Affiliation Medical Department, Udon Thani General Hospital, Udon Thani, Thailand

Andrew T. Slack

Affiliation WHO/FAO/OIE Collaborating Centre for Reference & Research on Leptospirosis, Centre for Public Health Sciences, Queensland Health Scientific Services, Brisbane, Australia

Yupin Suputtamongkol

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

Nicholas J. White

Affiliations Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand, Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

Edward J. Feil

Affiliation Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, United Kingdom

Nicholas P. J. Day

Affiliations Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand, Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

Sharon J. Peacock

sharon@tropmedres.ac

Affiliations Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand, Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: NW ND SP EF. Performed the experiments: JT. Analyzed the data: SP JT EF. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: LS VW WC WP RL AA AS YS EF. Wrote the paper: NW ND LS SP VW WC JT WP RL AA AS YS EF.