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Table of Contents: August 2017

Universal healthcare coverage is becoming a global gold standard, but remains under scrutiny and threat in the United States. Recent congressional proposals to repeal the Affordable Care Act have included reductions to Medicaid, which provides health insurance to 74 million U.S. residents with low income or disability. In this month's Editorial, MGH Professor of Psychiatry and PLOS Medicine Editorial Board member Alexander C. Tsai and Health Commissioner of the City of Baltimore Leana S. Wen discuss why the U.S. needs Medicaid to address its epidemic of opioid abuse.

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Editorial

Evaluating the impact of Affordable Care Act repeal on America's opioid epidemic

Leana S. Wen, Evan B. Behrle, Alexander C. Tsai

Essay

Pregnant and breastfeeding women: A priority population for HIV viral load monitoring

Landon Myer, Shaffiq Essajee, Laura N. Broyles, D. Heather Watts, Maia Lesosky, Wafaa M. El-Sadr, Elaine J. Abrams

Policy Forum

Antimicrobial resistance: The complex challenge of measurement to inform policy and the public

Didier Wernli, Peter S. Jørgensen, Stephan Harbarth, Scott P. Carroll, Ramanan Laxminarayan, Nicolas Levrat, John-Arne Røttingen, Didier Pittet

Research Articles

Childhood adiposity and risk of type 1 diabetes: A Mendelian randomization study

J. C. Censin, Christoph Nowak, Nicholas Cooper, Peter Bergsten, John A. Todd, Tove Fall

Gestational diabetes mellitus and interpregnancy weight change: A population-based cohort study

L. M. Sorbye, R. Skjaerven, K. Klungsoyr, N. H. Morken

Evaluation of novel computerized tomography scoring systems in human traumatic brain injury: An observational, multicenter study

Eric Peter Thelin, David W. Nelson, Juho Vehviläinen, Harriet Nyström, Riku Kivisaari, Jari Siironen, Mikael Svensson, Markus B. Skrifvars, Bo-Michael Bellander, Rahul Raj

Malaria, malnutrition, and birthweight: A meta-analysis using individual participant data

Jordan E. Cates, Holger W. Unger, Valerie Briand, Nadine Fievet, Innocent Valea, Halidou Tinto, Umberto D’Alessandro, Sarah H. Landis, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Kathryn G. Dewey, Feiko O. ter Kuile, Meghna Desai, Stephanie Dellicour, Peter Ouma, Julie Gutman, Martina Oneko, Laurence Slutsker, Dianne J. Terlouw, Simon Kariuki, John Ayisi, Mwayiwawo Madanitsa, Victor Mwapasa, Per Ashorn, Kenneth Maleta, Ivo Mueller, Danielle Stanisic, Christentze Schmiegelow, John P. A. Lusingu, Anna Maria van Eijk, Melissa Bauserman, Linda Adair, Stephen R. Cole, Daniel Westreich, Steven Meshnick, Stephen Rogerson

Harmonization of community health worker programs for HIV: A four-country qualitative study in Southern Africa

Jan-Walter De Neve, Henri Garrison-Desany, Kathryn G. Andrews, Nour Sharara, Chantelle Boudreaux, Roopan Gill, Pascal Geldsetzer, Maria Vaikath, Till Bärnighausen, Thomas J. Bossert

Assessing the impact of healthcare research: A systematic review of methodological frameworks

Samantha Cruz Rivera, Derek G. Kyte, Olalekan Lee Aiyegbusi, Thomas J. Keeley, Melanie J. Calvert

Benefits and safety of gabapentinoids in chronic low back pain: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Harsha Shanthanna, Ian Gilron, Manikandan Rajarathinam, Rizq AlAmri, Sriganesh Kamath, Lehana Thabane, Philip J. Devereaux, Mohit Bhandari

Effectiveness of a brief behavioural intervention on psychological distress among women with a history of gender-based violence in urban Kenya: A randomised clinical trial

Richard A. Bryant, Alison Schafer, Katie S. Dawson, Dorothy Anjuri, Caroline Mulili, Lincoln Ndogoni, Phiona Koyiet, Marit Sijbrandij, Jeannette Ulate, Melissa Harper Shehadeh, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Mark van Ommeren

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