Preprints: An underutilized mechanism to accelerate outbreak science
Panels A (Zika) and B (Ebola) show the total number of newly posted preprints (arXiv, bioRxiv, F1000Research, PeerJ Preprints, or World Health Organization Zika Open) and journal articles (PubMed indexed) by month. Dates were the initial submission date for preprints and the journal publication date for PubMed (or the PubMed entry creation date if a specific journal publication date was not supplied). Panels C (Zika) and D (Ebola) show the number of preprints and publications by publisher for each of the publishers who were signatories to the data sharing statement ordered by the proportion of publications with a matched Zika preprint. Publisher abbreviations: BMJ, The British Medical Journal; F1000, Faculty of 1000; Fiocruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz; JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association Network; NEJM, The New England Journal of Medicine; PLOS, Public Library of Science; Science, Science Journals; Spr. Nat., Springer Nature; WHO, Bulletin of the World Health Organization.